Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM)
Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM) is the third committee in the main committees of UN. the Third Committee is allocated by the General Assembly to agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous people’s challenges, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental elements of freedom through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. In addition, the Committee addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, people with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control.
On 15th March 2011, a minor group of Syrian civilians started to protest Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria in the southern city of Deraa following the arrest of several teenagers who were tortured because of the revolutionary paintings that they painted on walls. That was only the beginning of the pro-democracy protests. Three days later, in 18th March of 2011, security staff shot four civilians while they were protesting Bashar al-Assad. These four people were the first victims of this revolution. Days after with the repression of the Bashar al-Assad, the protests increased and spread all over the country. However, Bashar al-Assad used his power, killed many people, and forced the Syrians to leave the country. In 2012, UN published a peace plan. However, the plan did not work and the death toll kept increasing. In August 2012, UN approved that Bashar al-Assad had used chemical weapons and Assad had killed more than 300 civilians. Following this, Russia has meanwhile launched an air campaign against Mr. Assad’s opponents and IS shown up in Syria. As a respond to IS, Coalition Forces started to bomb the Syrian territory. Russia started to bomb the civilians that are against Assad and killed many civilians with the excuse of “combating DAESH”. No organisation battling in the area adhered to Ban Ki-Moon’s words which were as follows: “We need some solidarity, unity of purpose, particularly among the permanent members of the Security Council. When they are divided, it is extremely difficult for the United Nations to deliver. That’s why I have been urging the members of the Security Council to look beyond national interest. We have to look for the global interest.” As a conclusion, 400.000 people have died, 6.6 million people were displaced. To find solutions to these problems, KAIHLMUN’17 Social Humanitarian and Cultural Committee will meet and the delegates will work for a better future for Syria.
Syrian Civil War and Refugee Crisis